This Java tip demonstrates a method of putting bytes into a ByteBuffer. A ByteBuffer has a capacity which determines how many bytes it contains.The bytes in a ByteBuffer can also be set using the relative version of put(), which uses the position and limit properties of the buffer. In particular, this version of put() sets the byte at the position and advances the position by one. put() cannot set bytes past the limit (even though limit might be less than the capacity). The position is always <= limit and limit is always <= capacity.

  // Create an empty ByteBuffer with a 10 byte capacity
    ByteBuffer bbuf = ByteBuffer.allocate(10);
    // Retrieve the capacity of the ByteBuffer
    int capacity = bbuf.capacity(); // 10
    // Use the absolute put().
    // This method does not affect the position.
    bbuf.put((byte)0xFF); // position=0
    // Set the position
    // Use the relative put()
    // Get the new position
    int pos = bbuf.position(); // 6
    // Get remaining byte count
    int rem = bbuf.remaining(); // 4
    // Set the limit
    bbuf.limit(7); // remaining=1
    // This convenience method sets the position to 0
    bbuf.rewind(); // remaining=7