Reflection is a powerful approach to analyze the class at runtime. If new classes are added into your application dynamically then Reflection is used to get the structure of the class.

Reflection uses special kind of java class: Class. The object of the Class type can hold all the information of the class and have getter methods to extract this information.

This example code extracts the structure of the String class. It will display the name of the constructors, declared fields and methods to the console.

 import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
public class ReflectionExample {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
      // Creates an object of type Class which contains the information of 
      // the class String
      Class cl = Class.forName("java.lang.String");

      // getDeclaredFields() returns all the constructors of the class.
      Constructor cnst[] = cl.getConstructors();

      // getFields() returns all the declared fields of the class.
      Field fld[] = cl.getDeclaredFields();

      // getMethods() returns all the declared methods of the class.
      Method mtd[] = cl.getMethods();
      System.out.println("Name of the Constructors of the String class");

      for (int i = 0; i < cnst.length; i++) {

      System.out.println("Name of the Declared fields");

      for (int i = 0; i < fld.length; i++) {

      System.out.println("Name of the Methods");

      for (int i = 0; i < mtd.length; i++) {

    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {