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How to use the Box utility class to build a simple cube E-mail
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This Java tip uses the Box utility class to build a simple cube. The cube is then displayed in as a wireframe by setting the polygon attributes accordingly.


Image

import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.Button;
import java.awt.Frame;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

import javax.media.j3d.Appearance;
import javax.media.j3d.BranchGroup;
import javax.media.j3d.Canvas3D;
import javax.media.j3d.Locale;
import javax.media.j3d.Node;
import javax.media.j3d.PhysicalBody;
import javax.media.j3d.PhysicalEnvironment;
import javax.media.j3d.PolygonAttributes;
import javax.media.j3d.Transform3D;
import javax.media.j3d.TransformGroup;
import javax.media.j3d.View;
import javax.media.j3d.ViewPlatform;
import javax.media.j3d.VirtualUniverse;
import javax.vecmath.AxisAngle4d;
import javax.vecmath.Vector3f;

import com.sun.j3d.utils.geometry.Box;

/**
 * This uses the Box utility class to build a simple cube. The cube is then
 * displayed in as a wireframe by setting the polygon attributes accordingly.
 
 @author I.J.Palmer
 @version 1.0
 */
public class SimpleWire extends Frame implements ActionListener {
  protected Canvas3D myCanvas3D = new Canvas3D(null);

  protected Button myButton = new Button("Exit");

  /**
   * This function builds the view branch of the scene graph. It creates a
   * branch group and then creates the necessary view elements to give a
   * useful view of our content.
   
   @param c
   *            Canvas3D that will display the view
   @return BranchGroup that is the root of the view elements
   */
  protected BranchGroup buildViewBranch(Canvas3D c) {
    BranchGroup viewBranch = new BranchGroup();
    Transform3D viewXfm = new Transform3D();
    viewXfm.set(new Vector3f(0.0f0.0f5.0f));
    TransformGroup viewXfmGroup = new TransformGroup(viewXfm);
    ViewPlatform myViewPlatform = new ViewPlatform();
    PhysicalBody myBody = new PhysicalBody();
    PhysicalEnvironment myEnvironment = new PhysicalEnvironment();
    viewXfmGroup.addChild(myViewPlatform);
    viewBranch.addChild(viewXfmGroup);
    View myView = new View();
    myView.addCanvas3D(c);
    myView.attachViewPlatform(myViewPlatform);
    myView.setPhysicalBody(myBody);
    myView.setPhysicalEnvironment(myEnvironment);
    return viewBranch;
  }

  /**
   * This builds the content branch of our scene graph. It uses the buildCube
   * function to create the actual shape, adding to to the transform group so
   * that the shape is slightly tilted to reveal its 3D shape.
   
   @param shape
   *            Node that represents the geometry for the content
   @return BranchGroup that is the root of the content branch
   */
  protected BranchGroup buildContentBranch(Node shape) {
    BranchGroup contentBranch = new BranchGroup();
    Transform3D rotateCube = new Transform3D();
    rotateCube.set(new AxisAngle4d(1.01.00.0, Math.PI / 4.0));
    TransformGroup rotationGroup = new TransformGroup(rotateCube);
    contentBranch.addChild(rotationGroup);
    rotationGroup.addChild(shape);
    return contentBranch;
  }

  /**
   * This constructs a cube using the Box utility class. The attributes are
   * set so that the lines are drawn and not the faces.
   
   @return Node that is the cube
   */
  protected Node buildShape() {
    Appearance app = new Appearance();
    //Create the polygon attributes
    PolygonAttributes polyAttr = new PolygonAttributes();
    //Set them so that the draw mode is polygon line
    polyAttr.setPolygonMode(PolygonAttributes.POLYGON_LINE);
    //Use these in the appearance
    app.setPolygonAttributes(polyAttr);
    return new Box(1.0f1.0f1.0f, app);
  }

  /**
   * Handles the exit button action to quit the program.
   */
  public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
    dispose();
    System.exit(0);
  }

  public SimpleWire() {
    VirtualUniverse myUniverse = new VirtualUniverse();
    Locale myLocale = new Locale(myUniverse);
    myLocale.addBranchGraph(buildViewBranch(myCanvas3D));
    myLocale.addBranchGraph(buildContentBranch(buildShape()));
    setTitle("SimpleWire");
    setSize(400400);
    setLayout(new BorderLayout());
    add("Center", myCanvas3D);
    add("South", myButton);
    myButton.addActionListener(this);
    setVisible(true);
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    SimpleWire sw = new SimpleWire();
  }
}

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