You can use the getResourceAsStream() method to get the file in the JAR as an InputStream:

 import java.io.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.applet.*;

public class Read extends Applet {

  TextArea ta = new TextArea();

  public void init() {
    setLayout(new BorderLayout());
    add(ta, BorderLayout.CENTER);
    try {
      InputStream in = 
        getClass().getResourceAsStream("read.txt"); 
      InputStreamReader isr = 
        new InputStreamReader(in);
      BufferedReader br = 
        new BufferedReader(isr);
      StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
      PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw);
      String line;
       while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) {
        pw.println(line);
      }
      ta.setText(sw.toString());
    } catch (IOException io) {
      ta.setText("Ooops");
    }
  }
}