Window events occur when a user opens or closes a window object, such as a JFrame or a JWindow. Any component can generate these events and a class must implement WindowListener interface to support them.

The following example shows how to use window events in Swing:

 import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class WindowEventDemo extends JPanel
                             implements WindowListener,
                                        WindowFocusListener,
                                        WindowStateListener {
    final static String newline = "\n";
    final static String space = "    ";
    static JFrame frame;
    JTextArea display;

    public WindowEventDemo() {
        super(new BorderLayout());
        display = new JTextArea();
        display.setEditable(false);
        JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(display);
        scrollPane.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(500, 450));
        add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);

        frame.addWindowListener(this);
        frame.addWindowFocusListener(this);
        frame.addWindowStateListener(this);

        checkWM();
    }

    //Some window managers don't support all window states.
    //For example, dtwm doesn't support true maximization,
    //but mimics it by resizing the window to be the size
    //of the screen.  In this case the window does not fire
    //the MAXIMIZED_ constants on the window's state listener.
    //Microsoft Windows supports MAXIMIZED_BOTH, but not
    //MAXIMIZED_VERT or MAXIMIZED_HORIZ.
    public void checkWM() {
        Toolkit tk = frame.getToolkit();
        if (!(tk.isFrameStateSupported(Frame.ICONIFIED))) {
            displayMessage(
               "Your window manager doesn't support ICONIFIED.");
        }
        if (!(tk.isFrameStateSupported(Frame.MAXIMIZED_VERT))) {
            displayMessage(
               "Your window manager doesn't support MAXIMIZED_VERT.");
        }
        if (!(tk.isFrameStateSupported(Frame.MAXIMIZED_HORIZ))) {
            displayMessage(
               "Your window manager doesn't support MAXIMIZED_HORIZ.");
        }
        if (!(tk.isFrameStateSupported(Frame.MAXIMIZED_BOTH))) {
            displayMessage(
               "Your window manager doesn't support MAXIMIZED_BOTH.");
        } else {
            displayMessage(
               "Your window manager supports MAXIMIZED_BOTH.");
        }
    }

    public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowClosing.");

        //A pause so user can see the message before
        //the window actually closes.
        ActionListener task = new ActionListener() {
            boolean alreadyDisposed = false;
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                if (!alreadyDisposed) {
                    alreadyDisposed = true;
                    frame.dispose();
                } else { //make sure the program exits
                    System.exit(0);
                }
            }
        };
        Timer timer = new Timer(500, task); //fire every half second
        timer.setInitialDelay(2000);        //first delay 2 seconds
        timer.start();
    }

    public void windowClosed(WindowEvent e) {
        //This will only be seen on standard output.
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowClosed.");
    }

    public void windowOpened(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowOpened.");
    }

    public void windowIconified(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowIconified.");
    }

    public void windowDeiconified(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowDeiconified.");
    }

    public void windowActivated(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowActivated.");
    }

    public void windowDeactivated(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowListener method called: windowDeactivated.");
    }

    public void windowGainedFocus(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowFocusListener method called: windowGainedFocus.");
    }

    public void windowLostFocus(WindowEvent e) {
        displayMessage("WindowFocusListener method called: windowLostFocus.");
    }

    public void windowStateChanged(WindowEvent e) {
        displayStateMessage(
          "WindowStateListener method called: windowStateChanged.", e);
    }

    void displayMessage(String msg) {
        display.append(msg + newline);
        System.out.println(msg);
    }

    void displayStateMessage(String prefix, WindowEvent e) {
        int state = e.getNewState();
        int oldState = e.getOldState();
        String msg = prefix
                   + newline + space
                   + "New state: "
                   + convertStateToString(state)
                   + newline + space
                   + "Old state: "
                   + convertStateToString(oldState);
        display.append(msg + newline);
        System.out.println(msg);
    }

    String convertStateToString(int state) {
        if (state == Frame.NORMAL) {
            return "NORMAL";
        }
        if ((state & Frame.ICONIFIED) != 0) {
            return "ICONIFIED";
        }
        //MAXIMIZED_BOTH is a concatenation of two bits, so
        //we need to test for an exact match.
        if ((state & Frame.MAXIMIZED_BOTH) == Frame.MAXIMIZED_BOTH) {
            return "MAXIMIZED_BOTH";
        }
        if ((state & Frame.MAXIMIZED_VERT) != 0) {
            return "MAXIMIZED_VERT";
        }
        if ((state & Frame.MAXIMIZED_HORIZ) != 0) {
            return "MAXIMIZED_HORIZ";
        }
        return "UNKNOWN";
    }

    /**
     * Create the GUI and show it.  For thread safety,
     * this method should be invoked from the
     * event-dispatching thread.
     */
    private static void createAndShowGUI() {
        //Make sure we have nice window decorations.
        JFrame.setDefaultLookAndFeelDecorated(true);

        //Create and set up the window.
        frame = new JFrame("WindowEventDemo");
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DO_NOTHING_ON_CLOSE);

        //Create and set up the content pane.
        JComponent newContentPane = new WindowEventDemo();
        newContentPane.setOpaque(true); //content panes must be opaque
        frame.setContentPane(newContentPane);

        //Display the window.
        frame.pack();
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //Schedule a job for the event-dispatching thread:
        //creating and showing this application's GUI.
        javax.swing.SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                createAndShowGUI();
            }
        });
    }
}