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Piano MIDlet E-mail
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This example is a simple animation of a piano in Java ME. You can learn how to catch keyboard events and draw shapes onto a Canvas with this example.


Image

/*
Wireless Java 2nd edition 
Jonathan Knudsen
Publisher: Apress
ISBN: 1590590775 
*/
import javax.microedition.media.*;

import javax.microedition.lcdui.*;
import javax.microedition.midlet.*;

public class PianoMIDlet
    extends MIDlet {
  public void startApp() {
    Displayable d = new PianoCanvas();
    d.addCommand(new Command("Exit", Command.EXIT, 0));
    d.setCommandListener(new CommandListener() {
      public void commandAction(Command c, Displayable s) {
        notifyDestroyed();
      }
    });
    Display.getDisplay(this).setCurrent(d);
  }
  public void pauseApp() {}

  public void destroyApp(boolean unconditional) {}
}

class PianoCanvas extends Canvas {
  private static final int[] kNoteX = {
     01116293248596476809396
  };
  private static final int[] kNoteWidth = {
    16,  816,  81616,  816,  816,  816
  };
  private static final int[] kNoteHeight = {
    966496649696649664966496
  };
  private static final boolean[] kBlack = {
    false, true, false, true, false,
        false, true, false, true, false, true, false
  };
  private int mMiddleCX, mMiddleCY;
  private int mCurrentNote;
  public PianoCanvas() {
    int w = getWidth();
    int h = getHeight();
    int fullWidth = kNoteWidth[08;
    mMiddleCX = (w - fullWidth2;
    mMiddleCY = (h - kNoteHeight[0]) 2;
    mCurrentNote = 60;
  }
  public void paint(Graphics g) {
    int w = getWidth();
    int h = getHeight();
    g.setColor(0xffffff);
    g.fillRect(00, w, h);
    g.setColor(0x000000);
    for (int i = 60; i <= 72; i++)
      drawNote(g, i);
    drawSelection(g, mCurrentNote);
  }
  private void drawNote(Graphics g, int note) {
    int n = note % 12;
    int octaveOffset = ((note - n12 5* kNoteWidth[0];
    int x = mMiddleCX + octaveOffset + kNoteX[n];
    int y = mMiddleCY;
    int w = kNoteWidth[n];
    int h = kNoteHeight[n];
    if (isBlack(n))
      g.fillRect(x, y, w, h);
    else
      g.drawRect(x, y, w, h);
  }
  private void drawSelection(Graphics g, int note) {
    int n = note % 12;
    int octaveOffset = ((note - n12 5* kNoteWidth[0];
    int x = mMiddleCX + octaveOffset + kNoteX[n];
    int y = mMiddleCY;
    int w = kNoteWidth[n];
    int h = kNoteHeight[n];
    int sw = 6;
    int sx = x + (w - sw2;
    int sy = y + h - 8;
    g.setColor(0xffffff);
    g.fillRect(sx, sy, sw, sw);
    g.setColor(0x000000);
    g.drawRect(sx, sy, sw, sw);
    g.drawLine(sx, sy, sx + sw, sy + sw);
    g.drawLine(sx, sy + sw, sx + sw, sy);
  }
  private boolean isBlack(int note) {
    return kBlack[note];
  }
  public void keyPressed(int keyCode) {
    int action = getGameAction(keyCode);
    switch (action) {
      case LEFT:
        mCurrentNote--;
        if (mCurrentNote < 60)
          mCurrentNote = 60;
        repaint();
        break;
      case RIGHT:
        mCurrentNote++;
        if (mCurrentNote > 72)
          mCurrentNote = 72;
        repaint();
        break;
      case FIRE:
        try Manager.playTone(mCurrentNote, 1000100)}
        catch (MediaException me) {}
        break;
      default:
        break;
    }
  }
}

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